A 19th century Mexican retablo — Nuestra Senora de los Remedios.
Our Lady of Los Remedios is a title of the Virgin Mary developed by the Trinitarian Order, founded in the late 12th century. The devotion became tied to the Reconquista of Spain, then still at its height.
When Spain began the exploration and conquest of the Americas, it was a favorite devotion of the Spanish conquistadores.
According to legend, one of Cortés’s soldiers, Gonzalo Rodríguez de Villafuerte, was carrying a small image of the Virgin Mary and hid her under a maguey plant in order to retrieve and pay homage to her later if he survived.